Study the problem and present its solution in a form

that only an approval and signature of the completed

               action is required.

         ・ Study, write, study, and rewrite until

          it is right.

         ・ Work out the details completely.

         ・ Consult other staff officers and


         ・ Give the decision-maker your advice.

         ・ Don't ask the decision-maker to do

           your work.

         ・ Keep it short.  Good solutions don't

           have to be long.


         If you were the decision-maker, would you sign

         the paper you have prepared?  Woul you stake

         your professional reputation on its correctness

         and completeness?  If not, take it back and

         work it over again; it's not completed staff work.